Sycamore lace bugs cause yellow leaves

Adult sycamore lace bug. Photo: SD Frank

This week I have gotten three samples from the clinic with sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata. I had just taken some pictures of these beautiful critters last week when I was in Asheville. They really do a number on sycamore leaves and this time of year heavily infested sycamores look pretty bad. The other lace bugs that are important landscape pests are the azalea lace bug and hawthorn lace bug. Like these, the sycamore lace bug causes stippling damage by piercing the underside of leaves with its stylet and sucking out the fluids. Large yellow and gray areas develop on the top of the leaves. In some cases, most leaves on a tree can be entirely covered in stippling damage.

Yellow blotch of stippling damage caused by sycamore lace bugs. Photo: SD Fran

Sycamore lace bugs are a native insect. They overwinter as adults under bark or in other sheltered spots and become active soon after bud break. They lay eggs in leaves and complete their lifecycle in around 30 days. However, research from China, where this is an invasive pest, shows that at high temperatures this happens much faster, even twice as fast.

Sycamore lace bug nymphs. Photo: SD Frank

This suggests that it could be more abundant in hot urban areas where sycamores are often planted in parking lots and along roads. Our research shows that lecanium scales and gloomy scales become much more abundant on hot urban trees than cooler trees nearby. My anecdotal observation is that this hold true for sycamore lace bugs too. Sycamores are wetland trees and probably are not very happy in hot, sunny, dry spots but lace bugs clearly are.

Management of sycamore lace bugs will be similar as for other lace bugs but you are typically dealing with large trees instead of small azalea bushes or cotoneaster. Thus systemic insecticides applied as a drench can be a good option. Applications of horticultural oil should also help keep abundance low just by killing adults and nymphs that are present.

2017-06-29T13:11:27-04:00 July 25th, 2014|Categories: Landscape IPM, Urban Ecology|Tags: , , |

About the Author:

Steve Frank
I am broadly interested in the ecology and management of arthropod pests. Herbivorous arthropods cause extraordinary damage to plants in agricultural, urban, and natural ecosystems. Understanding interactions between pests and their environment, plant hosts, and natural enemies can improve management practices and reduce pesticide applications.