Publications 2020-05-18T09:20:04-04:00


Peer Reviewed Publications

The following publications are intended for scholarly and educational purposes.
Lab affiliation: * = undergraduate advisee; † = graduate student


Frank, S.D. and Just, M.G. (2020) Can cities activate sleeper species and predict future forest pests? A case study of scale insects. Insects, 11(3): 142. PDF.

Long, L.C. and Frank, S.D. (2020) Risk of bird predation and defoliating insect abundance are greater in urban forest fragments than street trees. Urban Ecosystems,

Parsons, S.E., Kerner, L.M., and Frank, S.D. (2020) Effects of native and exotic congeners on diversity of invertebrate natural enemies, available spider biomass, and pest control services in residential landscapes. Biodiversity and Conservation, PDF.

Just, M.G., and Frank, S.D. (2020) Thermal tolerance of gloomy scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) in the Eastern United States. Environmental Entomology, nvz154, PDF.

Lahr, E.C., Backe, K.M., and Frank, S.D. (2020) Intraspecifc variation in morphology, physiology, and ecology of wildtype relative to horticultural varieties of red maple (Acer rubrum). Trees – Structure and Function, PDF.


Frank, S.D. (2019) A survey of key arthropod pests on common southeastern street trees. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, 45(5): 155-166.

Backe, K.M., and Frank, S.D. (2019) Chronology of gloomy scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) infestations on urban trees. Environmental Entomology, 48(5): 1113-1120. PDF.

Parsons, S.E., Sozanski, K.S.*, Wilson, A.A., and Frank, S.D. (2019) Effects of temperature and habitat complexity on an urban tree pest (Tinocallis kahawaluokalani), natural enemies, and predation. Urban Ecosystems, PDF.

Parsons, S.E., and Frank, S.D. (2019) Urban tree pests and natural enemies respond to habitat at different spatial scales. Journal of Urban Ecology, 5(1): 1-15. doi: 10.1093/jue/juz010.

Just, M.G., and Frank, S.D. (2019) Evaluation of an easy-to-install, low-cost dendrometer band for citizen-science tree research. Journal of Forestry, 317-322. doi:10.1093/jofore/fvz026.

Just, M.G., Long, L.C., Dale, A.G., and Frank, S.D. (2019) Urbanization drives unique latitudinal patterns of insect herbivory and tree condition. Oikos. PDF.

Frank, S.D., Backe, K.M., McDaniel, C.*, Green, M., Widney, S., Dunn, R.R. (2019) Exotic urban trees conserve similar natural enemy communities to native congeners but have fewer pests. PeerJ: 7:e6531

Long, L.C., D’Amico, V., Frank, S.D. (2019) Urban forest fragments buffer trees from warming and pests. Science of the Total Environment, 658: 1523-1530.


Ranger, C.M., Schultz, P.B., Frank, S.D., and Reding, M.E. (2018) Freeze stress of deciduous trees induces attacks by opportunistic ambrosia beetles. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/afe.12317.

Dale, A.G. and Frank, S.D. (2018) Urban plants and climate drive unique arthropod interactions with unpredictable consequences. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 29: 27-33.

Just, M.G., Frank, S.D., and Dale, A.G. (2018) Impervious surface thresholds for urban tree site selection. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 34: 141-146.

Lahr, E.C., Dunn, R.R., and Frank, S.D. (2018) Getting ahead of the curve: cities as surrogates for global change. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 285: 20180643.

Lahr, E.C., Dunn, R.R., and Frank, S.D. (2018) Variation in photosynthesis and stomatal conductance among red maple (Acer rubrum) urban planted cultivars and wildtype trees in the southeastern United States. PLOS One: 13(5): e0197866.

Camacho, E.R., Chong, J., Braman, S.K., Frank, S.D., Schultz, P.B. (2018) Natural enemy communities and biological control of Parthenolecanium spp. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in the Southeastern United States, Journal of Economic Entomology:

McCluney, K.E., George, T., Frank, S.D. (2018) Water availability influences arthropod water demand, hydration and community composition on urban trees. Journal of Urban Ecology, 4(1):

Hamblin, A.L., Youngsteadt, E., Frank, S.D. (2018) Wild bee abundance declines with urban warming, regardless of floral density. Urban Ecosystems,

Meineke, E.K. and Frank, S.D. (2018) Water availability drives urban tree growth responses to herbivory and warming. Journal of Applied Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13130.

Savage, A.M., Youngsteadt, E., Ernst, A.F., Powers, S.A., Dunn, R.R. and Frank, S.D. (2018) Homogenizing an urban habitat mosaic: arthropod diversity declines in New York City parks after Super Storm Sandy. Ecological Applications, 28: 225–236.


Frank, S.D., Anderson, A.L., Ranger, C.M. (2017) Interaction of insecticide and media moisture on ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) attacks on selected ornamental trees. Environmental Entomology. doi: 10.1093/ee/nvx163.

Camacho, E.R., Chong, J., Braman, S.K., Frank, S.D., Schultz, P.B. (2017) Life history of Parthenolecanium spp. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in urban landscapes of the southeastern United States.   Journal of Economic Entomology: 1–8.  doi: 10.1093/jee/tox170.

Hamblin, A.L., Youngsteadt, E., López-Uribe, M.M., Frank, S.D. (2017) Physiological thermal limits predict differential responses of bees to urban heat-island effects. Biology Letters. 13: 20170125.

Dale, A.G., Frank, S.D. (2017) Warming and drought combine to increase pest insect fitness on urban trees. PLoS ONE 12(3): e0173844. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173844.

McCluney,K.E., Burdine, J.D., Frank, S.D. (2017) Variation in arthropod hydration across US cities with distinct climate. Journal of Urban Ecology, 3 (1): jux003. doi: 10.1093/jue/jux003

López-Uribe, M.M., Appler, R.H., Youngsteadt, E., Dunn, R.R., Frank, S.D., Tarpy, D.R. (2017) Higher immunocompetence is associated with higher genetic diversity in feral honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera). Conservation Genetics. doi:10.1007/s10592-017-0942-x

Meineke, E.K., Holmquist, A.J.*, Wimp, G.M., Frank, S.D. (2017) Changes in spider community composition are associated with urban temperature, not herbivore abundance. Journal of Urban Ecology, 3 (1): juw010. doi: 10.1093/jue/juw010.


Youngsteadt,E., Ernst, A.F., Dunn, R.R., Frank, S.D. (2016) Responses of arthropod populations to warming depend on latitude: evidence from urban heat islands. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13550

Meineke, E.K., Youngsteadt, E.K., Dunn, R.R., Frank, S.D. (2016) Urban warming reduces aboveground carbon storage. Proceedings of the Royal Society – B, 283: 20161574.

Ranger, C.M., Schultz, P.B., Reding, M.E., Frank, S.D., Palmquist, D.E. (2016)  Flood stress as a technique to assess preventive insecticide and fungicide treatments for protecting trees against ambrosia beetles. Insects, 7(3): 40.

Frank, S.D., Ranger, C.M. (2016) Developing a media moisture threshold for nurseries to reduce tree stress and ambrosia beetle attacks. Environmental Entomology, 1-9.

Dale, A.G., Youngsteadt, E., Frank, S.D. (2016) Forecasting the effects of heat and pests on urban trees: Impervious surface thresholds and the ‘Pace to Plant’ technique. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, 42(3): 181-191.

Penick, C.A., Crofton, C.A.*, Appler, R.H., Frank, S.D., Dunn, R.R., Tarpy, D.R. (2016) The contribution of human foods to honey bee diets in a mid-sized metropolis. Journal of Urban Ecology, 1-5.

López-Uribe, M.M., Sconiers, W.B., Frank, S.D., Dunn, R.R., Tarpy, D.R. (2016) Reduced cellular immune response in social insect lineages. Biology Letters, 12: 20150984.

Ranger, C.M., Reding, M., Schultz, P., Oliver, J., Frank, S.D., Addesso, K., Chong, J.H., Sampson, B., Werle, C. Gill, S., Krause, C. (2016) Biology, ecology, and management of nonnative ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in ornamental nurseries. Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 7(1): 9; 1–23.

Jandricic, S.E., Schmidt, D.*, Bryant, G., Frank, S.D. (2016) Non-consumptive predator effects on a primary greenhouse pest: predatory mite harassment reduces western flower thrips abundance and plant damage. Biological Control, 95: 5-12.


Reese, A.T., Savage, A., Watkins, O., Youngsteadt, E., McGuire, K.L., Koling, A., Frank, S.D., and Dunn, R.R. (2015) Urban stress is associated with variation in microbial species composition – but not richness – in Manhattan. The ISME Journal, doi:10.1038/ismej.2015.152.

Youngsteadt, E., Appler, R.H., López-Uribe, M., Tarpy, D.R., Frank, S.D. (2015) Urbanization increases pathogen pressure on feral and managed honey bees. PLoS ONE, 10(11): e0142031.

Diamond, S.E., Dunn, R.R., Frank, S.D., Haddad, N.M., Martin, R.A. (2015) Shared and unique responses of insects to the interaction of urbanization and background climate. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 11: 71-77.

Appler, R.H., Frank, S.D., and Tarpy, D.R. (2015) Within-colony variation in the immunocompetency of managed and feral bees (Apis mellifera L.) in different urban landscapes. Insects, 6(4): 912-925.

McClure, T. and Frank, S.D. (2015) Grain diversity effects on banker plant growth and parasitism by Aphidius colemani. Insects, 6(3): 772-791.

Prado, J., Witte, A.R., Frank, S., Sadof, C.S. (2015) Do leaf domatia mediate intraguild predation and host plant resistance to Oligonychus aceris (Shimer) on Red Sunset Maple (Acer rubrum)? Biological Control, 90: 187-192.

Ranger, C.M., Schultz, P.B., Frank, S.D., Chong, J.H., Reding, M.E. (2015) Non-native ambrosia beetles as opportunistic exploiters of living but weakened trees. PLoS ONE, 10(7): e0131496.

Prado, S.G., Jandricic, S.E., Frank, S.D. (2015) Ecological interactions affecting the efficacy of Aphidius colemani in greenhouse crops. Insects, 6(2): 538-575.


Youngsteadt, E., Henderson*, R. C., Savage, A. M., Ernst, A. F., Dunn, R. R. and Frank, S. D. (2014) Habitat and species identity, not diversity, predict the extent of refuse consumption by urban arthropods. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12791.

Meineke, E. K., Dunn, R. R., Frank, S. D. (2014) Early pest development and loss of biological control are associated with urban warming. Biology Letters, doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0586.

Youngsteadt, E., Dale, A. G., Terando, A. J., Dunn, R. R., and Frank, S. D. (2014) Do cities simulate climate change? A comparison of herbivore response to urban and global warming. Global Change Biology, 21(1): 97-105.

Dale A.G. and Frank S.D. (2014) The effects of urban warming on herbivore abundance and street tree condition. PLoS ONE, 9(7): e102996.

Jandricic, S.E., Dale, A.G., Bader, A.E., and Frank, S.D. (2014) The effect of banker plant species on the fitness of Aphidius colemani Viereck and its aphid host (Rhopalosiphum padi L.). Biological Control, 76: 28-35.

Frank, S.D. (2014) Bad neighbors: urban habitats increase cankerworm damage to non-host understory plants. Urban Ecosystems, DOI 10.1007/s11252-014-0368-x

Chanthammavong, N.*, Bryant, G., Frank, S.D. (2014) The effect of sticky bands on cankerworm abundance and defoliation in urban trees. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry, 40(3): 135-142.

Dale, A.G. and Frank, S.D. (2014) Urban warming trumps natural enemy regulation of herbivorous pests. Ecological Applications, 24(7): 1596-1607.

Prado, S.G. and Frank, S.D. (2014) Optimal foraging by an aphid parasitoid affects the outcome of apparent competition. Ecological Entomology, 39: 236-244.


Meineke, E.K., Dunn, R.R., Sexton, J. and Frank, S.D. (2013) Urban warming drives insect pest abundance on street trees. PLoS ONE, 8(3): e59687. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0059687.

Fulcher, A., Chong, J., White, S.A., Neal, J.C., Williams-Woodward, J.L., Adkins, C.R., Braman, S.K., Chappell, M.R., Derr, J.F., Dunwell, W.C., Frank, S.D., and six other authors. (2013) Developing a mobile application as an extension education tool: A case study using IPMPro. HortTechnology, 23(4): 402-406.

Fulcher, A., White, S.A., Chong, J., Neal, J.C., Williams-Woodward, J.L., Adkins, C.R., Braman, S.K., Chappell, M.R., Derr, J.F., Dunwell, W.C., Frank, S.D., and six other authors. (2013) Testing, promoting, and launching a mobile application as an extension tool: A case study with IPMPro. HortTechnology, 23(4): 407-410.

Prado, S.G. and Frank, S.D. (2013) Tritrophic effects of plant growth regulators in an aphid-parasitoid system. Biological Control, 66(1): 72-76.

Prado, S.G. and Frank, S.D. (2013) Compact plants reduce biological control of Myzus persicae by Aphidius colemani. Biological Control, 65(2): 184-189.

Frank, S.D., Klingeman, W.E., Fulcher, A., White, S. (2013) Biology, injury, and management of maple pests in nurseries and urban landscapes. Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 4: B1-B14.

Wong, S.K.and Frank, S.D. (2013) Pollen increases fitness and abundance of Orius insidiosus Say (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) on banker plants. Biological Control, 64: 45-50.


Wong, S.K.and Frank, S.D. (2012) Effect of banker plants and spiders on biological control by Orius insidiosus. Biological Control, 63: 181-187.

Tooker, J.F. and Frank, S.D. (2012) Genotypically diverse cultivar mixtures for insect pest management and increased crop yields. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49(5): 974-985.

Fulcher, A., Klingeman, W.E., Chong,J.H., LeBude, A., Armel, G.R., Chappell, M., Frank, S.D., Hale, F., Neal,J., White, S., Williams-Woodward, J., Ivors, K., Adkins, C., Senesac, A., and Windham A. (2012) Stakeholder vision of future direction and strategies for southeastern U.S. nursery pest research and Extension programming. Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 3(2): D1-D8.

Frank, S.D. (2012) Reduced risk insecticides to control scale insects and protect natural enemies in the production and maintenance of urban landscape plants. Environmental Entomology, 41(2): 377-386.

LeBude, A.V., White, S.A., Fulcher, A.F, Frank, S.D. and 11 other authors. (2012) Assessing the integrated pest management practices of southeastern U.S. ornamental nursery operations. Pest Management Science, 68(9): 1278-88. doi: 10.1002/ps.3295.


Frank, S.D. and Sadof, C.S. (2011) Reducing insecticide volume and non-target effects of ambrosia beetle management in nurseries. Journal of Economic Entomology, 104(6): 1960-1968.

Frank, S.D., Shrewsbury, P.M. and Denno, R.F. (2011) Plant versus prey resources: Influences on omnivore behavior and herbivore suppression. Biological Control, 57(3): 229-235.

Frank, S.D. and Lebude, A. (2011) Season-long insecticide efficacy for hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae (Hemiptera: Adelgidae), management in nurseries. Florida Entomologist, 94(2): 290-295.


Frank, S.D., Shrewsbury, P.M. and Denno, R.F. (2010) Effects of alternative food on cannibalism and herbivore suppression by carabid larvae. Ecological Entomology, 35(1): 61-68.

Frank, S.D. (2010) Biological control of arthropod pests using banker plant systems: Past progress and future directions. Biological Control, 52(1): 8-16.


Frank, S.D., Shrewsbury, P.M., and Esiekpe, O*. (2008) Spatial and temporal variation in natural enemy assemblages on Maryland native plant species. Environmental Entomology, 37(2): 478-486


Frank, S.D., Wratten, S.D., Sandhu, H.S., and Shrewsbury, P.M. (2007) Video analysis to determine how habitat strata affects predator diversity and predation of Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in a vineyard. Biological Control, 41(2): 230-236.

Frank S. D., Ahern, R.G., and Raupp, M. J. (2007) Does imidacloprid reduce defoliation by Japanese beetles on linden for more than one growing season? Arboriculture and Urban Forestry, 33(6): 392-396.


Ahern, R.G., Frank, S.D., and Raupp, M.J. (2005) Comparison of exclusion and imidacloprid for reduction of oviposition damage to young trees by periodical cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 98(6): 2133-2136.


Frank, S.D. and Shrewsbury, P.M. (2004) Effect of conservation strips on the abundance and distribution of natural enemies and predation of Agrotis ipsilon (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on golf course fairways. Environmental Entomology, 33(6): 1662-1672.

Frank, S.D. and Shrewsbury, P.M. (2004) Consumption of black cutworms, Agrotis ipsilon (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and alternative prey by common golf course predators. Environmental Entomology, 33(6): 1681-1688.

Books and Book Chapters

Frank, S.D., Klingeman, W.E., Fulcher, A., White, S. (2012) Maple (Acer spp.). In IPM for Common Deciduous Trees in Southeastern US Nursery Production. Fulcher, A., S. White, S. Frank, F. Hale, W. Klingeman III, Eds. Southern Region IPM Center, Raleigh, NC. Print and Electronic.

Adkins, C., Frank, S.D., Ward, N., Fulcher, A. (2012) Birch (Betula spp.) In IPM for Common Deciduous Trees in Southeastern US Nursery Production. Fulcher, A., S. White, S. Frank, F. Hale, W. Klingeman III, Eds. Southern Region IPM Center, Raleigh, NC. Print and Electronic.

Eric J. Rebek, Steven D. Frank, Tom A. Royer and Carlos E. Bográn. (2012) Alternatives to Chemical Control of Insect Pests, Insecticides – Basic and Other Applications. Sonia Soloneski and Marcelo Larramendy (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-51-0007-2, InTech.