Fall webworm nests are everywhere right now. Everything that makes a webbed nest is variously referred to as webworms, tentworms, and bagworms but these are not the same.
Like we observed in Raleigh, we found that impervious surface was a robust predictor of tree condition, and that one set of thresholds could be used for red maples across the Southeast.
Hot summer days are tough on plants. It’s even worse when things are dry. This is when spider mites attack.
We are not the only scientists using cities as surrogates for climate change. However, this line of research is in its infancy. We conducted a literature review, led by postdoc Nora Lahr, to compile all the research we could find in which cities were used to predict the effects of climate change.
It is nice to be reminded of why I am an ecologist, why I study trees, and why I care about helping trees grow in cities. Photosynthesis is cool!
As a Masters’ student in the Frank lab, I study relatively small organisms called ground beetles. Ground beetles are used to monitor forest health because they are common, vary in food and habitat requirements, and are sensitive to human-caused disturbances.
Cities are hot and often dry. This makes the plants dry and unhealthy. But what about the animals? They can gain water by ‘drinking’ from moist soil or dew, or by eating plants that are mostly water. But what if they can’t find enough to drink?
A mystery began to nag at me. Some trees in the hottest areas within cities were covered in insect pests and still looked vigorous, while other trees with the same pest densities withered.
Unless you want an itchy rash, your best bet is to steer clear of these little critters altogether. And if you’re a couple of scientists trying to insert a data logger into a nest filled with two hundred of them? Well, your best bet is to suit up.
For many years, scientists have used forest maps to focus their predictions about where these itchy caterpillars might spread. But, it’s becoming increasingly clear that the PPM doesn’t actually need forests. It just needs trees, and it’s willing to accept the ones in the front yard, thank you very much.